Uburebure bw'umukandara & Impagarara

Inyandiko kuri Catenary Sag

Iyo umukandara urimo gukora, ni ngombwa rwose kugumya guhagarika umutima, uburebure bukwiye bwumukandara, kandi ntanumwe murimwe wabuze kwishora hagati yumukandara.Iyo convoyeur ikora, uburebure bwiyongereye buzakirwa na catenary sag muburyo bwo kugaruka kugirango ugumane impagarara zikwiye zo gukurura umukandara.

Niba umukandara wa convoyeur ufite uburebure bukabije munzira yo kugaruka, ikinyabiziga / Idler sprock izaba ifite imikoranire yabuze n'umukandara, hanyuma bikavamo amasoko asenya inzira cyangwa gari ya moshi.Ibinyuranye na byo, niba umukandara ufunze kandi ngufi, umuvuduko wo gukurura uziyongera, iyi mpagarara zikomeye zizatera inzira yo gutwara umukandara muburyo bwo gusubira inyuma cyangwa moteri irenze imitwaro mugihe cyo gukora.Ubuvanganzo buterwa no gukomera kwumukandara burashobora kugabanya igihe cyumukandara wa convoyeur.

Bitewe nuburyo bugaragara bwibintu byo kwagura ubushyuhe no kugabanuka kwubushyuhe, birakenewe kongera cyangwa kugabanya uburebure bwa catenary sag muburyo bwo kugaruka.Nubwo bimeze bityo ariko, ni gake kubona ibipimo bya catenary sag binyuze mu kubara igipimo nyacyo kiri hagati yimyanya ihuza hamwe nigipimo nyacyo amasoko asabwa mugihe cyo gusezerana.Burigihe birengagizwa mugihe cyo gushushanya.

Dutondekanya ingero zimwe zuburambe bufatika hamwe nisesengura ryukuri ryumubare kubakoresha mbere yo gukoresha ibicuruzwa bya HOGNSBELT.Kugirango uhindure impagarara zikwiye, nyamuneka reba ihinduka rya Tension hamwe na Catenary Sag Imbonerahamwe muri iki gice.

Inama rusange

Rusange

Muri rusange, twahamagaye convoyeur ifite uburebure buri munsi ya 2M ngufi.Kugirango igishushanyo mbonera kigufi, ntabwo ari ngombwa gushiraho imyenda yo kugaruka munzira yo kugaruka.Ariko uburebure bwa catenary sag bugomba kugenzurwa muri 100mm.

Niba uburebure bwuzuye bwa sisitemu ya convoyeur butarenze 3.5M, intera ntoya hagati yimodoka ya drake na reta yo kugaruka igomba kugenzurwa muri 600mm.

Niba uburebure bwuzuye bwa sisitemu ya convoyeur burenze 3.5M, intera ntarengwa iri hagati yimodoka ya drake na garuka yagaruka igomba kugenzurwa muri 1000mm.

Hagati na Intera ndende

Hagati-na-ndende-Intera-Umujyanama

Uburebure bwa convoyeur burenze 20M, kandi umuvuduko uri munsi ya 12m / min.

Uburebure bwa convoyeur ni bugufi burenze 18m, kandi umuvuduko ugera kuri 40m / min.

Ibice bibiri

Ikigereranyo kiri hejuru ni icyerekezo cyerekezo gifite icyerekezo kimwe cya moteri, inzira yo gutwara n'inzira yo kugaruka byombi byakozwe muburyo bwo kwambara.

Igishushanyo kiri hejuru ni icyerekezo cyerekezo gifite moteri ebyiri zishushanyije.Kuri feri ya synchronizer hamwe nigikoresho cya feri ya clutch, nyamuneka ubaze ububiko bwibikoresho kugirango ubone ibisobanuro birambuye.

Drive Drive

Hagati-Drive

Kwirinda gufata ibyemezo bifasha bifasha kubice bidakora kumpande zombi.

Dimetero ntarengwa ya Idler Roller - D (Inzira yo kugaruka)

Igice: mm

Urukurikirane 100 200 300 400 500
D (min.) 180 150 180 60 150

Inyandiko zo Guhindura Impagarara

Umuvuduko wo gukora umukandara wa convoyeur ukenera guhuza intego zitandukanye zo gutanga.Umukandara wa HONGSEBLT ukwiranye n'umuvuduko utandukanye wo gukora, nyamuneka witondere igipimo kiri hagati yumuvuduko wumukandara hamwe nuburebure bwa catenary sag mugihe ukoresheje umukandara wa convoyeur HONGSEBLT.Igikorwa kimwe cyingenzi cya catenary sag muburyo bwo kugaruka ni ukwemera kwiyongera cyangwa kugabanuka muburebure bwumukandara.Birakenewe kugenzura uburebure bwa catenary sag murwego rukwiye, kugirango ugumane impagarara zihagije zumukandara nyuma yo kwishora kumasoko ya shitingi.Nibyingenzi cyane mubishushanyo mbonera.Kubipimo nyabyo byumukandara, nyamuneka reba Catenary Sag Imbonerahamwe hamwe no Kubara Uburebure muri iki gice.

Guhindura impagarara

Kubijyanye nintego yo kwakira impagarara zikwiye kumukandara wa convoyeur.mubusanzwe convoyeur ntikeneye kwishyiriraho hamwe noguhindura ibikoresho kumurongo wa convoyeur, igomba gusa kongera cyangwa kugabanya uburebure bwumukandara, ariko bisaba igihe kinini cyakazi kugirango ubone impagarara zikwiye.Kubwibyo, kugirango ushyire impagarara uhindure kuri drive / itwarwa nuruziga rwa convoyeur nuburyo bworoshye bwo kwakira impagarara nziza kandi nziza.

Guhindura Imiterere

Kubwimpamvu yo kubona igikwiye kandi gikora neza.Imyitozo yuburyo bwa tekinike ihindura umwanya wimwe muri sisitemu, mubisanzwe idakora, binyuze mugukoresha imashini zishobora guhinduka.Igiti cya shitingi gishyirwa ahantu hatambitse mumurongo wa convoyeur.Uburyo bwa screw gufata-gukoreshwa bikoreshwa mu kwimura igiti igihe kirekire, bityo bigahindura uburebure bwa convoyeur.Intera ntarengwa hagati yubutaka idakora igomba kubika byibuze 1,3% yubugari bwikigero cya convoyeur, kandi ntibiri munsi ya 45mm.

Inyandiko Kubushyuhe Buke Gutangira-Hejuru

Iyo umukandara wa HONGSBELT ukoreshejwe mubushyuhe buke, ugomba kwitonderwa kubintu bikonje kumukandara mugihe cyo gutangira.Ni ukubera ko amazi asigaye yari asigaye nyuma yo gukaraba cyangwa gufunga ubushize, azakomera mugihe ubushyuhe buke busubiye mubushyuhe busanzwe kandi umwanya uhuriweho n'umukandara uzahagarara;ibyo bizahuza sisitemu ya convoyeur.

Kugirango wirinde iki kintu mugihe cyibikorwa, birakenewe ko ubanza gutangira convoyeur mumikorere, hanyuma ugatangira abafana ba firigo kugirango wumishe amazi asigaye gahoro gahoro, kugirango imyanya ihuriweho imere.Ubu buryo burashobora kwirinda kumeneka kumeneka kubera impagarara zikomeye ziterwa namazi asigaye mumwanya uhuza umukandara warakonje.

Imiterere ya Gravity Ifata Roller

Mugihe ubushyuhe buke bukora, gari ya moshi irashobora gushyirwaho bitewe no kugabanuka munsi yubushyuhe bukabije, kandi umwanya uhuza umukandara uzahagarara.Ibyo bizatera umukandara wa convoyeur ukorana na inertion imiterere itandukanye no gukora mubushyuhe busanzwe.Kubwibyo, turasaba gushiraho imbaraga zo gufata rukuruzi kumukandara muburyo bwo kugaruka;irashobora kugumana impagarara zikwiye kumukandara no kwishora muburyo bwiza.Ntabwo ari ngombwa kwishyiriraho uburemere bwa rukuruzi mu mwanya runaka;icyakora, kuyishyiraho nkuko ifunze nka shitingi ya drake izabona ibisubizo byiza cyane.

Imiterere ya Gravity

Imiterere ya Gravity irashobora gukoreshwa mubihe bikurikira:

Ubushyuhe butandukanye burenze 25 ° C.

Uburebure bwikadiri ya convoyeur burenze 23M.

Uburebure bwikadiri ya convoyeur ntabwo buri munsi ya 15 M, kandi umuvuduko urenze 28M / min.

Umuvuduko wibikorwa byigihe gito ni 15M / min, naho impuzandengo yikigereranyo irenga kg 115 / M2.

Urugero rwa Gravity Style Ifata Roller

Hariho uburyo bubiri bwo guhinduranya impagarara kuburyo bwa gravit style ifata roller;bumwe nubwoko bwa catenary sag ubundi nubwoko bwa cantilever.Turagusaba kwemeza ubwoko bwa catenary sag mubushyuhe buke;niba umuvuduko wo gukora urenze 28M / min, twagusaba kwemeza ubwoko bwa cantilever.

Kuburemere busanzwe bwuburyo bwa gravit style ifata roller, ubushyuhe busanzwe buri hejuru ya 5 ° C bugomba kuba 35 Kg / m kandi buri munsi ya 5 ° C bugomba kuba 45 Kg / m.

Kubisobanuro bya diameter yuburyo bwa gravit style ifata roller, serie 100 na serie 300 bigomba kuba hejuru ya 200mm, naho 200 bigomba kuba hejuru ya 150mm.

Uburebure

FORMULA:

LS = LS1 + LS1 XK

LS1 = LB + L / RP X LE

LB = 2L + 3.1416X (PD + PI) / 2

Ikimenyetso

Ibisobanuro

Igice
K Coefficient ihindagurika ry'ubushyuhe mm / m
L Uburebure bw'ikadiri mm
LB Uburebure bwa theoretical uburebure bwumukandara mm
LE Guhindura catenary sag mm
LS1 Uburebure bw'umukandara ku bushyuhe busanzwe mm
LS Uburebure bwumukandara nyuma yubushyuhe mm
PD Diameter ya disiki ya disiki mm
PI Diameter yumudugudu udafite akazi mm
RP Garuka inzira ya roller ikibuga mm

Kuri LE & RP agaciro, nyamuneka reba Catenary Sag Imbonerahamwe muri menu ibumoso.

Imbonerahamwe yo Guhindura Ubushyuhe Imbonerahamwe - K.

Ubushyuhe Coefficient y'uburebure (K)
PP PE Actel
0 ~ 20 ° C. 0.003 0.005 0.002
21 ~ 40 ° C. 0.005 0.01 0.003
41 ~ 60 ° C. 0.008 0.014 0.005

Agaciro Ibisobanuro

Urugero 1:

Uburebure bwikadiri ya convoyeur ni 9000mm;kwemeza Urutonde 100BFE ubugari ni 800mm, intera yo kugaruka inzira roller ni 950mm, disiki ya disiki / idakora yatoranijwe kugirango yemere urukurikirane SPK12FC rufite diameter ni 192mm, umuvuduko wo kwiruka ni 15m / min, kandi intera yubushyuhe bwo gukora ni kuva kuri -20 ° C kugeza kuri 20 ° C.Ibisubizo byo kubara mugushiraho ibipimo nibi bikurikira:

LB = 2 × 9000 + 3.1416 × (192 + 192) / 2 = 18603 (mm)

LS1 = 18603 + 9000/900 × 14 = 18743

LS = 18743 + (18743 × 0.01) = 18930 (Igipimo cyiyongera iyo kugabanuka)

Ibisubizo byo kubara ni 18930mm yo kwishyiriraho nyirizina

Urugero rwa 2:

Uburebure bwikadiri ya convoyeur ni 7500mm;kwemeza Urutonde 100AFP ubugari ni 600mm, intera yo kugaruka inzira roller ni 950mm, disiki ya disiki / idakora yatoranijwe kugirango yemere SPK8FC ifite diameter ni 128mm, umuvuduko wa 20M / min, kandi intera yubushyuhe bwo gukora iri kuva kuri 20 ° C kugeza 65 ° C.Ibisubizo byo kubara mugushiraho ibipimo nibi bikurikira:

LB = 2 × 7500 + 3.1416 × (128 + 128) / 2 = 15402 (mm)

LS1 = 15402 + 7500/900 × 14 = 15519

LS = 15519- (15519 × 0.008) = 15395 (gabanya uburebure bw'umukandara mugihe wagutse)

Ibisubizo byo kubara ni 15395mm yo kwishyiriraho nyirizina.

Imbonerahamwe ya Catenary Sag

Uburebure bw'Umujyanama Umuvuduko (m / min) RP (mm) SAG ntarengwa (mm) Ubushyuhe bwibidukikije (° C)
Sag LE PP PE ACTEL
2 ~ 4 m 1 ~ 5 1350 ± 25 150 30 1 ~ 100 - 60 ~ 70 - 40 ~ 90
5 ~ 10 1200 125 30 1 ~ 100 - 60 ~ 70 - 40 ~ 90
10 ~ 20 1000 100 20 1 ~ 90 - 50 ~ 60 - 20 ~ 90
20 ~ 30 800 50 7 1 ~ 90 - 20 ~ 30 - 10 ~ 70
30 ~ 40 700 25 2 1 ~ 70 1 ~ 70 1 ~ 90
4 ~ 10 m 1 ~ 5 1200 150 44 1 ~ 100 - 60 ~ 70 - 40 ~ 90
5 ~ 10 1150 120 28 1 ~ 100 - 60 ~ 60 - 30 ~ 70
10 ~ 20 950 80 14 1 ~ 85 - 40 ~ 40 - 10 ~ 50
20 ~ 30 800 60 9 1 ~ 65 - 10 ~ 30 1 ~ 80
30 ~ 40 650 25 2 1 ~ 40 1 ~ 60 1 ~ 80
10 ~ 18 m 1 ~ 5 1000 150 44 1 ~ 100 - 50 ~ 60 - 40 ~ 90
5 ~ 10 950 120 38 1 ~ 100 - 50 ~ 50 - 40 ~ 90
10 ~ 20 900 100 22 1 ~ 90 - 40 ~ 40 - 35 ~ 80
20 ~ 30 750 50 6 1 ~ 80 - 10 ~ 30 - 35 ~ 80
30 ~ 35 650 35 4 1 ~ 70 - 5 ~ 30 - 10 ~ 80
35 ~ 40 600 25 2 1 ~ 65 1 ~ 60 0 ~ 80
18 ~ 25 m 1 ~ 5 1350 130 22 1 ~ 100 - 60 ~ 60 - 40 ~ 90
5 ~ 10 1150 120 28 1 ~ 95 - 50 ~ 50 - 40 ~ 85
10 ~ 15 1000 100 20 1 ~ 95 - 40 ~ 40 - 30 ~ 80
15 ~ 20 850 85 16 1 ~ 85 - 30 ~ 40 - 30 ~ 80
20 ~ 25 750 35 3 1 ~ 80 1 ~ 60 0 ~ 70

Iyo umuvuduko urenze 20m / min, turasaba kwemeza imipira yo gushyigikira umukandara muburyo bwo kugaruka.

Ntakibazo cyaba cyashushanyijeho, moteri yo gutwara igomba gufata igikoresho cyo kugabanya umuvuduko, no gutangira muburyo bwihuse.

Turasaba agaciro RP nkintera nziza.Umwanya mubishushanyo nyabyo ugomba kuba munsi yagaciro RP.Umwanya uri hagati yo kugaruka inzira, urashobora kwifashisha imbonerahamwe iri hejuru.

Agaciro SAG ni ntarengwa ntarengwa;ubworoherane bwumukandara bugomba kugenzurwa murwego rwagaciro SAG.

Agaciro LE niyongera uburebure bwa sag nyuma yo gukuramo uburebure bwumukandara mubitekerezo.